Troubles

troublesTroubles
by J. G. Farrell
1970 / 480 pages
rating 10 / hist fiction

Farrell is an under-appreciated genius in my opinion, and it’s especially apparent in this sad yet humorous award-winning novel about the time of “Troubles” in Ireland circa 1919-1921 with a larger view to the collapse of the entire British Empire. This is his first novel in the Empire series – (not a trilogy, joined by theme).

(Thanks for the nudge, Janine)   I do need to add that this book won the “Lost Booker” prize in 1970. Forster’s The Siege of Krishnapur, the second in the series, won the Booker in 1973. The third book is entitled Singapore Grip and having read these two, I really want to read that now. (But it’s not in Kindle format! Waaaaa!)

On the surface, this is the story of an English war veteran, Major Brendan Archer, returned from the trenches and off to Kilnalough, a small fictional town, to meet the family of his supposed fiancé, Angela Spencer. The Anglo-Irish Angela lives with her father, Edward, in an old and rambling but dilapidated seaside hotel called the Majestic along with a few hanger-on guests and assorted servants. Edward owns the once upscale Majestic and some surrounding land complete with a largish and overgrown apple orchard and a few tenants. Angela dies not too long into the story, but Brendan stays on, finding himself attracted to Sarah, a neighbor and obligated in some way to Edward.  His only relative, an aunt in London also dies so Brendon has no other family.

800px-Imperial_Federation,_Map_of_the_World_Showing_the_Extent_of_the_British_Empire_in_1886_(levelled)

click to enlarge

Meanwhile, Forrester has inserted historically based news articles about “troubles”  England is having elsewhere in its far-flung aging empire,  in India and South Africa, in Mesopotamia and Cairo.

The writing about the Majestic Hotel is languid, sumptuous, visual, and quite often funny. But what is interesting about Farrell’s writing is the manner in which he inserts the other historical events into the narrative.  The historical minutia in the main narrative is all verifiable with a little googling – I was amazed.

But there are troubles at the Majestic, too,  this aging and untended Eden, troubles with money and loyalty to the King as well as some light romance.  Long standing ehnic and religious conflicts have come to a boil.  The Sinn-Fein, the Irish Nationalist party, are readying themselves to fight the Brits for the independence declared in 1916. The Spencers, but decidedly not all the guests, are fiercely loyal to Britain and her king but the servants and the tenant peasants and many neighbors are definitely not.

The characters are, for the most part, well defined and mostly quite sympathetic, quirky in their own ways. The protagonist, Brendan Archer, is difficult to fathom – the reader gets only rare glimpses into what he thinks about it all –  the family is “mad,” in his opinion.  And he is English therefore anti-Sinn Fein.  He wants to leave but he’s apparently stuck at the Majestic for some reason.

The genius lies in the metaphor, the satire, the parody which are deeply imbedded throughout the novel but never take over. Troubles is first and foremost a righteously good yarn with complex and “troubled” characters who are rounded in their own right.

First, of course,  the Majestic is a thoroughly clever, amusing and intelligent metaphor for the sprawling, crumbling, almost mystifying English Empire of Post-WWI.

The protagonist,  almost always called “the Major,”  is the typical Post-War non-military (he retired) Englishman in Ireland, or in relation to Ireland / Troubled England in which the Empire is no longer viable. He may be “typical” but he’s not a type – perhaps he’s called “Major” throughout to emphasize the idea of typical.

Sarah is a metaphor, perhaps,  for  the new Post-War and far more independent Ireland -She’s crippled when the book opens but learns to walk quite well.  Heh –

Meanwhile the older Spencers,  Edward and Angela,  are strictly old Anglo-Ireland Protestant,  with tea, balls and a stiff upper lip, etc.   Edward is actually like a little personification of old England and he comes to want Ireland (Sarah) whether she’s Catholic or not –  but that’s a darn shame she’s a Papist.   When Edward’s son, Ripon, wants to marry a Catholic girl it’s an abomination.

For the Major,  who is  English and Protestant and now resides in Ireland,  it’s Angela (Prots) vs then Sarah (Caths) but Angela (Cath) dies and Sarah is more interested in Edward but that changes.

So the Major is in the middle – English but no longer interested in Empire due to the crumbling and decay and too much bloodshed – (not really interested in the crumbling and decaying Majestic).   He’s inherited that Empire in a sort of illegitimate way, doesn’t really want it – too much trouble. Nevertheless, he has a serious fondness for the new Ireland –  Sarah.

Throughout the book the Irish War of Independence is building with Sinn Fein and others using guerrilla tactics against the Brits who are becoming more and more nervous.  Edward loses his senses,  the old ladies at the Majestic try to meet the challenge,  the plot has been building ever so slowly until the end where it really all does come together in a hugely suspenseful and page-turning series of events.

Highly recommended –  and I’m going to see about getting ahold of Singapore Grip, too – the third book in Farrell’s Empire trilogy.

Characters

Major Brendon Archer – bitter and confused, a retired WWI English soldier now in Ireland.
Angela Spenser – fiance of Major / daughter of Edward- very Brit and Prot
Ripon Spencer – son of Edward- engaged to Maire Noonan, a Catholic
Edward Spenser – spineless owner of majestic – very Protestant
Charity Spenser – young daughter of Edward
Faith Spenser – Charity’s twin – both mischievous
Mrs. Rappaport – Edward’s mother-in-law (wife deceased) – twins’s grandmother
Sarah Devlin – a beautiful but mean-spirited crippled woman, Catholic
Mr. Devlin – Sarah’s father –

Maire Noonan – very Catholic family, marries Ripon Spenser
Noonan – Maire’s father, poor,

Dr. Ryan – neighbor
Padraig – Ryan’s somewhat strange grandson

Evan – the Spencer twins’ tutor
Boy O’Neill
Mrs O’Neill – Boy’s wife
Viola O’Neill- daughter
Murphy – aging butler
Sean Murphy – butler’s son

Captain Bolton – English soldier at Majestic
other troops quartered there

Various gents and ladies – guests at the Majesic

Frances Roche – young widow who shows up

Background
Ireland and WWI 

Reviews and criticism:
http://www.openlettersmonthly.com/trouble-in-mind/

http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/sewanee_review/v119/119.3.moseley.html

http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/1723/7/07_chapter%202.pdf

 

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3 Responses to Troubles

  1. residentjudge says:

    I didn’t realize that there was an empire trilogy. I read The Siege of Krishnapur a few years ago and enjoyed it (it won the Booker in 1973). I assume that it’s part of the same trilogy.

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  2. Yup – and I was surprised to. Thank you for making that comment! I was going to say something about that in the review and forgot. You’ve been credited. – lol

    Like

  3. Lisa Hill says:

    I’ve read The Siege of Krishnapur and Troubles, and I loved them too. I think they’re wise books that dig below the stereotypes and make the reader think of many different PoVs. Somewhere in my teetering TBR there is also The Singapore Grip, which I am kind-of saving for when I’ve had a run of not-so-enjoyable books and need to read something I *know* I will love.
    Thanks for a great review which reminded me how much I enjoyed this book:)

    Like

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