Evil and the Mask

evilandmasEvil and the Mask
by Fuminori Nakamura
2013/356 pages
rating:  9 / literary thriller

I really didn’t know if I wanted to read this.  It sounded so horrific.  But I rather enjoyed Nakamura’s first novel in English,  The Thief,  so I thought maybe this might be okay.

Okay?  It’s a terrific novel – better than The Thief,  more nuanced,  more sophisticated in structure,  more complex in plotting – also more tragic.     This book might suggest Nakamura’s name as a 21st century Kafka,  but I see influences of Dostoevsky as well,  and  possibly Camus. Warning –  it is very dark.

Following a strange Prologue by a detective the reader pretty well knows this book will be about free will in a battle (of some sort) between good and evil. In “Part 1: Past”  Fumihiro,  the 1st person protagonist and a child at the time,  has an interview with his very wealthy and powerful father where the aging man tells him:

“I intend to leave a ‘cancer’ in this world. Under my guidance, you will become a cancer. A personification of evil, you could say.”

Then at eighteen you will learn another truth about your life. All this has already been determined. It cannot be altered.”

That sets the stage but  too bad – Fumihiro had already been thinking about killing his father. The toys he carries are a “mask” – easily seen through.

An orphan girl named Kaori is adopted by his father to live with Fumihiro as his sister , but he always  knows she’s not.  They fall in love while still in junior high school –

“If my father said we had to become intimate that was a sure sign that we shouldn’t.”  (p. 15)

And then Fumiori’s father messes with Kaori prompting Fumiori’s great need to protect her.  He does,  but how can he now avoid becoming the cancer he was raised to be?  This book raises lots and lots of philosophical questions and psychological dilemmas.   It’s as though Nakamura dreamed up a scenario in which it would be necessary to kill someone and then ponders how one lives with the awareness of  that.  Nature vs nurture (or lack of it) come into play as well.

Fumihiro has other much older siblings and a nephew  – his mother is deceased and he’s  never met any of them.  The idea that he’s to be  a cancer weighs on him and he is determined to fight it – mainly by becoming darker and more powerful than his father.  It looks like he’ll do it.  Nakamura uses lots of words on these subjects – some showing historical examples.

In “Part 2:  Past/Present”   Fumihiro is grown and relating how he changed his identity both physically and legally.   Then by Chapter 3 of  Part 2 we’re back to the past,  dealing with the cliff-hanger ending of “Part 1: Past.”

Nakamura is a master of suspense – This is not really a “who done it” but a “what-is-he-going-to-do?”  suspense for the crime. There are several detectives involved , each working for a different party.  And there are other issues – a 21st century brand of nihilism,  war and capitalist greed.

I do wish Nakamura had found a better translator –  I’m not that picky about grammar – it depends on the context – but there seems to be a certain formality about Fumihiro, the first person narrator,  and it’s very annoying when he mixes the verb tense in the conditional form.  Where the text says,  “… if this was some kind of fairy tale…”   it should read   “… if this were some kind of fairy tale.”

In some ways Nakamura’s  book bears certain resemblances to 1Q84 and The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle by Haruki Murakami.   There is an underground group of radical revolutionaries (or something),  references to Japan’s misdeeds in WWII China and  some very surreal goings on.  Murakami is a favorite so I’ll likely be watching for more translations from the pen of  Nakamura.

The themes – well,  there’s Karma vs free will with nature and nurture included.   Another theme is that you can’t ever quite escape yourself – no matter how good your mask.

A review from International Noir: 

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