The Real North Korea: Life and Politics in the Failed Stalinist Utopia
by Andrei Lankov
2013 / 303 pages
read by Steven Roy Grimsley 10h 59m
rating: 8+ / nonfiction
(very little listening)
Andrei Lankov is a Russian scholar of Asia and a world renowned specialist in Korean studies. He has personal background from his days as a young exchange student from St Petersburg and many subsequent visits. He currently lives in South Korea from where he writes columns for the English-language daily The Korea Times and for Al Jazeera English.
Lankov presents a fascinating look into the history of North Korea which is really only about 70 years old – since the end of WWII and the partition of Korea. The Kim family dynasty/monarchy/dictatorship is central starting from the staunchly Stalinist Kim Il Song. who was appointed by the Stalin at a time when there were very few Communists in North Korea. His son Kim Jong Il carried the mantle from Song’s death in 1994 until 2012 when he died leaving the young (age 32) Kim Jung Un in power.
The section dealing with the differences between the war-end collapses in North Korea and Vietnam is very interesting as is the family soap opera section.
The individual names of the leaders have changed, but only some of the over-riding policy has. Interaction with the world has happened in spite of the efforts to control it. North Korea is one of the most backward nations on earth and yet it manages to manipulate world attention and concessions. The people are starving (or were for many years) but the saber-rattling and research-oriented military gets most of the spending because big weapons can scare world neighbors into giving aid, preferably without effective controls. But if controls are set these can be avoided – and any promises North Korea makes tend to be broken when they become inconvenient. Basically, the Kim family is protecting itself.
After four interesting chapters of history of all kinds, personal and family as well as socio-political and economic, Lankov moves to the future – what will happen next? – What are the priorities of the countries who continue to give North Korea aid- of China and Russia and others, the US? – Why does the carrot and the stick not work? What are North Korea’s priorities? Why is collapse of some kind inevitable? And what kind of a collapse will that be, in what way will reunification be a part of it, or will it? How will different scenarios work out in terms of nuclear weapons, immigration, the Kim family, etc.
The book is structured with the turn to the future at about 2/3 through and then comes an “Intermission” to preview or prologue the switch. It works well – like “Considering what we’ve learned, what are the various scenarios which could likely transpire in the future?”
Also about the structure there are various magazine style inserts which depict less important aspects of the situation. “The Sorry Fate of Katya Sintsova” and “A Flower of Unification” are two of the titles.
Lankov’s narrative is very well organized and he writes almost like a native, there are places where a word seems to be missing or a correct verb tense is lost in a complex sentence structure. Not enough to be really annoying. It is a bit dryly academic compared to other nonfiction accounts which tend to try to “read like a novel.” I think this is a matter of taste. It took quite a while
If you’re interested in North Korea but don’t have a lot of background this is an excellent book to get up to speed. A few things have happened since 2012, it’s really more of the same, but there will come a time when it will all change.